as far as im aware, you don't really need to be using a multi-layered switch at CCNA level anyway, from what iv'e read you do that in CCNP, if you are wanting to route between vlan's then you can use a router on a stick with subinterfaces, which you will come to eventually in you're studies if you haven't already. Repeat this process until the PDU reaches its destination. Was any MAC or IP address lost during the wireless transfer? It provides security to the network. Of course I thought of that soon after I posted this. I'm trying to add the default gateway on a switch in packet tracer and it's not working. Your email address will not be published. The IPv4 addresses would be replaced with IPv6 addresses, but everything else would be the same. Use 192.168.10.2 for the IP address, and 255.255.255.0 for the subnet mask. Hey thanks for answer but im still a bit confused.... Switch#(Config)ip default-gateway A.B.C.D (ip address of switch). Here the machine “JD1” sends a packet to machine “Testing3”. To do so go to the DHCP server and open it. So for this reason, I decided to subnet the network. Click172.16.31.5 and open the Command Prompt. You will gather PDU information in simulation mode and answer a series of questions about the data you collect. Here is the detailed Cisco router configuration commands list, which can be implemented with packet tracer. Did the switches ever replicate a PDU that was rejected with a red “X”? To do so go to the DHCP server and open it. Router>en Router#conf t Enter configuration commands, one per line. A network administrator has configured OSPFv2 on the two Cisco routers but PC1 is unable to connect to PC2. Packet tracer is a network simulator used for configuring and creating the virtual cisco devices and network. The devices are already configured. End with CNTL/Z. The first subnet ( 192.168.10.1 to 192.168.10.63 ) comprises of Java Developers and Software testers. The network administrator has an IP address of 192.168.11.10 and needs access to manage R1. If you go to any machine on this subnet and look at its IP address, it will be like below. Every time that the PDU was sent between the 10 network and the 172 network, there was a point where the MAC addresses suddenly changed. And now it’s very clear that we treat a VLAN just like a physical LAN when assigning IP addresses. See, this affects the performance of the network. 5.3.1.3 Packet Tracer – Identify MAC and IP Addresses Packet Tracer – Identify MAC and IP Addresses (Answer Version – Optional Packet Tracer) Answer Note: Red font color or gray highlights indicate text that appears in the Answer copy only. The number of subnets should always be calculated in the powers of 2. Where did that occur? Now the company has three Java Developers, three software testers and a dedicated HR team. Now the subnet for the Human Resource Department ( 192.168.10.128 to 192.168.10.191 ) . I shouldn't do these things when I first wake up... WGU (BS in IT Network Administration) - 52. Usually, the default VLAN 1 acts like the switch’s own NIC for connecting into a LAN to send IP packets. To create three subnets, we need to take two bits from the host portion of the address as explained above. 192.168.10.1 to 192.168.10.255 is the address range available to us with subnet mask 255.255.255.0, Writing the subnet mask in the binary notation, it is. Add the command ip helper-address 192.168.1.2 on the interface configuration mode of fa 0/0 of Router 2, just as we’ve done before. To what devices did the other MAC addresses belong? This satisfies our requirement. It tells router that if it receives a packet for destination [that we set in previous parameter], forward that packet to this next hop neighbor IP address. The latest version is version 6.0 in 2018. 5.3.1.3 Packet Tracer – Identify MAC and IP Addresses. Why do different IP networks need to be assigned to different ports of a router? Start IP address: 192.168.2.0 Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 Maximum no. Gather the same information from Step 1d. PC4: IP address 192.168.2.20 Subnet mask 255.255.255.0 Default gateway 192.168.2.1. Speeds up the network thus improving the performance of the network. Also Read: – Benefits of learn Networking and making career in the field of Networking Step 1: – Now, first of all, we configure DHCP Server so we can assign the automatic IP address on all other systems. First command provides the IP address of next hop neighbor.