Marco __ letzte Woche einen Autounfall __. _______________ du gestern Fußball gespielt? Now we need to learn about the other type of verb, the. 15. Ich trinke einen Kaffee. Wieviel Geld __ ihr __? This tense indicates situations or events that have been established through the past or present perfect tense. 11. Last, we have the future perfect tense. 7. Sie _______________ ihr Fahrrad gefahren. Wir __ durch den Wald __. Anika und Jasmin sind 10 Kilometer gejoggt. There are a couple of exceptions when creating a past tense German verb. The first part, with haben or sein is pretty straight forward. __ du den Pulli __? To form the past participle of a strong verb, you again add ge to the beginning of the verb, but instead add -en to the end of the stem. [schlafen] 1.) (kaufen). Seid ihr nach Hause gelaufen? There are a handful of strong verbs that don’t just change their vowel, but the whole stem. 2. The "Perfekt" with modal verbs. To form a complete German past tense sentence, you need to add a helping verb, either. 6. Ich habe meinem Bruder geholfen. The "Perfekt" with modal verbs. (fliegen = verb of movement; formed with sein) These are all weak (‘regular’) verbs. [müssen] 2.) The perfect tense is a form of German past tense that is made up of two parts: 1. (fahren) (Yesterday he flew to London.) 13. [können] 3.) The perfect tense of separable verbs is also formed in the above way, except that the separable prefix is joined on to the front of the ge-: ich habe die Flasche aufgemacht, du hast die Flasche aufgemacht and so on. To form the past participle of a weak or mixed verb, you add ge to the beginning of the verb and -t after the stem of the verb. (gewinnen) Deutsch 101 Handout: The Perfekt Tense: We’re finally going to learn to talk about past events in German! The present perfect is formed from two parts: a) In second position in the sentence is a simple clause with the auxiliary verb haben or sein. Example: (fliegen) Example: Ich habe heute sehr lange geschlafen. To form the perfect tense you need two verbs. (trinken) And consider yourself doubly lucky, because the future perfect tense is simply a combination of verb forms we’ve seen before. German sentence structure. It is the German equivalent of the English past perfect tense. Frau Nell, Sie __ zuviel Bier __. Below are sentences with missing verbs. Wir haben die Rechnung schon bezahlt. Here are a few examples of how to get a weak verb into the past tense: Remember, with mixed verbs (as with strong verbs), the stem of the verb may change when going into the German past tense. By the way, that’s why this language is of such a high importance to make your German fluent. Wir das nicht . The last thing to learn about the, Once again, practice by making complete sentences. Wir __ euch das schon sehr oft __. (present) a) Ich trank einen Kaffee. Maria hat ihn geküsst. On the one hand side, “das Perfekt” refers to a past event or action which has been completed. 9. If the sentence in the active voice in the "Perfekt" is: He has read a book Er hat ein Buch gelesen. (sagen) Meine Großmutter _______________ im Jahre 1978 gestorben. 3. (Don’t be confused by the word ‘present’ -- this is a past tense that talks about past events -- it’s the English terminology that’s confusing.) This verb is in a special form, the past participle. (laufen = verb of movement; formed with sein) (haben) Gestern ist er nach London geflogen. It is conjugated as in the present tense. Wer hat Pizza bestellt? 4. __ ihr gestern eure Oma __? Die Tasche __ ich auf Ebay __. 10. The first ist that verbs that end in, The other exception is for inseparable prefixes, like, What happens with separable-prefix verbs? (sparen) Gestern hat Michael sein Büro... an action that will be completed by a certain point in the future. We’re finally going to learn to talk about past events in German! Ich __ mit der Katze zum Tierarzt __. (joggen = verb of movement; formed with sein) Wir haben am Morgen unsere Hausaufgaben gemacht. (I understood the German sentence.) (rennen) When this happens, the beginning of the verb stays the same. There are just two pretty important exceptions to bear in mind when using the German present perfect: bleiben (to stay) and sein … These irregular verbs just need to be memorized, but fortunately they’re the most common verbs (go, come, be, do), so you’ll see them a lot and get familiar with them very quickly. Ich _______________ nach Madison gefahren. Fill in the helping verbs (either. Ich diese Aufgabe nicht . German past perfect. As with mixed verbs above, the stem may change when going into the past tense German form. __ du mit dem Auto zur Party __? (denken) Warum __ sie (plural) nicht mit Lufthansa __? The Tenet of sentence structures… if you’ve seen the movie, you’ll understand :). Let’s try a few simple sentences for practice. (besuchen) Below are blanked out sentences: some verbs take, Finally, let’s mix everything together. Barney und John __ im Kasino 2000€ __. (We did our homework in … This also happens in one version of the past tense. You’re about to learn what’s called the ‘present perfect’ tense in English, or, The first thing we need to talk about when learning to form the, Like English, German has a group of ‘regular’ (termed ‘weak’) verbs that always add a, To form the past participle of the German, There are two exceptions to this nice regularity. This depends on whether the verb is a weak verb, a strong verb, or a mixed verb. You’re about to learn what’s called the ‘present perfect’ tense in English, or Das Perfekt in German. For example: “Sie ist leztes Jahr gestorben.” (She died last year.) However, the way of using the German perfect tense is quite different to the English present perfect tense. 5. [lassen] 4.) Once you’ve got a grip on these two use cases, you’ve nearly nailed the haben or sein decision-making process. The same rules for inseparable prefixes (no, In addition to the strong verbs, there is a very small handful (about six) of verbs that are called ‘mixed’ verbs, because they act like a mix between strong and weak verbs. The past perfect or pluperfect (Plusquamperfekt) expresses actions that took place before a certain point in the past. 8. __ Sie an seinen Geburtstag __? Tante Uschi _______________ Pharmazie studiert. Sie hat ihn nicht gesehen. ; With inseparable verbs, the only difference is that past participles are formed without the ge-: ich habe Kaffee bestellt, du hast Kaffee bestellt and so on. Bist du mit dem Zug nach Berlin gefahren? These are all strong or mixed verbs, so you’ll need to look at your chart/list. Luckily for us English speakers, the future perfect is basically a one-to-one equivalent between English and German; you use it in the same situations in either language. The equivalent sentence in the passive voice would be: The book has been read by him Das Buch ist von ihm gelesen worden. The perfect tense is a form of German past tense that is made up of two parts: As explained above, forming a past tense German sentence within the perfect tense is done in two parts. 1. And here once more an … We use the German perfect tense to express: a completed action in the past with the focus on the result of the action. 14. (waschen) _______________ ihr um zehn Uhr eingeschlafen? As you might expect, the prefix gets ‘stuck’ back on to the participle at the end, but the, Now that you can form the participle form of the verb, we need to learn the complete syntax for a past tense sentence.