Now let's look at another kind of German verb, a stem-changing verb. If you want to sound intelligent in German, you need to learn when to use which ending. German adjectives (More than 11000 adjectives. Conjugate a German Verb In general, irregular forms of German verbs exist to make for easier and clearer pronunciation, with a vowel sound in the centre of the word the only part of the word that changes in an unexpected way (though endings may also be slightly different). The regular German verbs follow a predictable pattern in the present tense. Modal verbs are a special category of verbs in German. Each verb also has a stem form, the basic part of the verb left after you remove the -en ending. How to Conjugate the German Verb Nehmen (to Take), How to Conjugate the German Verb "Laufen" (to Run, Walk), German Verb Conjugation of Sprechen (To Speak), Conjugating the German Verb Sehen, Meaning 'to See', Conjugating the German Verb Wissen, Meaning "to Know", How to Conjugate the German Verb "Heissen" (to Call), How to Conjugate the Verb "Helfen" (to Help), How to Conjugate "Geben" (to Give) in German, Schreiben (To Write) German Verb Conjugations, Learning German "Give and Take" - "Geben, Nehmen", 50 Common German Verbs with Sample Sentences. Positive, comparative, and superlative in all cases.) The verb tables show the German as written after 1996 spelling reform. handeln: If the infinitive ends in just –n rather than –en, then the personal ending of the wir and Sie/sie forms is simply –n. 11. gehen (ist gegangen) – to … There are four types of stem changes: a to ä, au to äu, e to i, and e to ie. The prefix's effect on the verb is highly unpredictable, so normally the meaning of each new verb has to be learned separately. "), the verb is in the same form: third-person singular. Modal verbs are a special category of verbs in German. In the standard language it may be lost or not: lieb! They are typically used in combination with another verb, in which case the modal verb is conjugated and the other verb appears at the end of the sentence in the infinitive form. As a summary of German tenses, moods and aspects: The following tables include only the active simple tenses: those formed by direct conjugation from the verb. Verbs so formed are divided into separable verbs which detach the prefix under certain circumstances and inseparable verbs which do not. I mentioned previously (in Lessons from the Top German verbs list) that the 3 most common verbs in German are the ones also used as auxiliaries: sein, haben and werden.Let’s take a look at how they function in the context of German verb tenses. All rights reserved. German frequently forms a passive-equivalent construction using, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_conjugation&oldid=982185481, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. If you don't know how to conjugate verbs correctly it means your German will sound strange to people who understand the language. These usually follow one of three patterns: Certain verbs change their stem vowels for the preterite indicative and subjunctive. (Sie, formal "you," is both singular and plural. See the examples below. Es spielt keine Rolle. German has 6 tenses: 2 finite tenses, i.e. Take a closer look at regular (weak), irregular (strong) and mixed German verbs, and find out how to use them like a language pro! Conjugate over 13,000 German verbs quickly and easily with Lingolia’s online German verb conjugator. The first person singular (ich) and all the plural forms do NOT change. Conjugation trainer (Free choice of verbs, persons, times – online) German nouns (More than 66000 German nouns.) German has a different ending for almost all of those verb situations: ich spiele, sie spielen, du spielst, er spielt, etc. The present tense forms of gehen are regular. Some of them are also used in Simple Past in spoken German, so I included this form too. To conjugate a verb means to change the verb ending. The prefix is placed at the end of the clause. The German present tense is usually formed by dropping the –en or –n from the infinitive and adding personal endings (-e, -(e)st, (e)t, –en, -(e)t, –en) to the remaining infinitive stem. Compare the following: Teaching German days, months, and seasons, Teaching “Die Hälfte der Deutschen ist zu dick”, Teaching “Die Schweiz auf Isolationskurs”, Teaching “Wenn Russland kein Gas mehr liefert”, “Schleswig-Holstein in Kürze” – Video with activities, German modal verbs – Past, present, & future, About | FTC Disclosure Statement | Privacy Policy. Separable verbs detach their prefixes in the present, imperfect and imperative. This process is called the Germanic umlaut. This is the form of the verb you find in a German dictionary. Check out the chart below. The other three verbs demonstrate slight variations you should be aware of. The following verbs have a regular conjugation pattern in the present tense and you can see the past participle form in the brackets. German has a different ending for almost all of those verb situations: ich spiele, sie spielen, du spielst, er spielt, etc. German has only one present tense. But in the present tense the verb sprechen is regular except for a stem change from e to i. “Sein oder Nichtsein, das ist hier die Frage” (To be or not to be, that is the question) — whether you’re into Shakespeare or not, the famous line from Hamlet, written in 1600 (or possibly 1602), is the perfect opener for today’s topic: the conjugation of the German verb “sein”. Support the free Verbix verb conjugation services © Verbix 1995-2020. Modal verbs. Each verb has a basic infinitive (“to”) form. There are six modal verbs and they all follow a similar pattern of irregularity: ich-, du-, and er/sie/es-forms have a stem change (except for sollen), and in the ich– and er/sie/es-forms, the regular personal endings are omitted. Conjugate more than 23,000 regular and irregular German verbs. This is called “conjugating the verb.”. Mike, UK: 'I have been using many different language software programs. or sage! Simply type the infinitive of the verb in the search bar and watch the magic happen. Some strong verbs having a, au, or e in their infinitive stems undergo stem-vowel changes in the du and er/sie/es-forms. This is similar to English grammar, though the primary verb is normally placed at the end of the clause. German verbs are conjugated depending on their use: as in English, they are modified depending on the persons (identity) and number of the subject of a sentence, as well as depending on the tense and mood..