Wright’s marsh thistle is an impressive species to behold. [16] The seeds are dispersed by wind, mud, water, and possibly also by ants; they do not show significant long-term dormancy, most germinating soon after dispersal and only a few lasting up to four years in the soil seed bank. Khosravan S, Mohammadzadeh-Moghadam H, Mohammadzadeh F, Fadafen SA, Gholami M. The effect of hollyhock (Althaea officinalis L) leaf compresses combined with warm and cold compress on breast engorgement in lactating women: a randomized clinical trial. [5], The plant provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators. Other uses of Marsh Thistle: The seed fluff is used as a tinder. [10] Marsh thistle, Cirsium palustre, was ranked in first place while this thistle was ranked in sixth place. Welted thistle can be found all over the UK, especially loving clay soils. What factors influenced or will influence your purchase? Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. 195 pp. As you will discover, plants that have spines to offer protection against predators, have no real need for bitterness. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you. In Portugal, a number of thistle species are still collected in spring and sold at markets. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 2007;6:256-258. Part 182 -- Substances Generally Recognized As Safe. [2][3][4][5][6] It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle. Fish and Wildlife Services finds the Wright’s marsh thistle “warranted but precluded” for listing, placing it on the ESA candidate list November 2010, WildEarth Guardians files lawsuit to compel overdue listing determination for Wright’s marsh thistle February 2010, U.S. There is some evidence that C. palustre may be allelopathic, although this possibility has not been thoroughly investigated (Ballegaard and Warncke 1985). Final report: a regulatory system for non-native species. All rights reserved. [15] The seeds are eaten by goldfinches, linnets and greenfinches. Other names of Holy Thistle include St. Benedicts Thistle, Holy Thistle, Cardin, Spotted Thistle, Blessed thistle, Holy Ghost Herb and Cardo Santo. Defra, UK – Farming – Wildlife and plants. When in flower, most thistles produce a lovely purple / mauve bloom, but some species are known for their yellow inflorescence (cabbage thistle – Cirsium oleraceum and the Carline thistle – Carlina vulgaris). Available http://data.canadensys.net/vascan/name/Cirsium%20palustre. Popay, I., and R. Field. Cranbrook Institute of Science Bulletin 61 and University of Michigan Herbarium. Nordin, L. 2002. He grew up in the rural Wisconsin Village of Elkhart Lake, surrounded by the Kettle Moraine State Forest, where his family goes back six generations. The plant appears to be extirpated in Arizona; populations previously reported in Texas were, in fact, misidentified, and the species’ status is unknown in Mexico. Flora of North America, Bull or common or spear thistle, gros chardon, chardon vulgaire ou lancéolé, piqueux. 2010, USDA Forest Service 2005b). Latex in the plant has been used as a treatment on warts. When she’s not endeavoring to understand the complexities of a successful conservation campaign, Leia can be found mountain-side or river-side, praising the feathered and four-legged ones, and planning her next epic snack. Gray, which is native to the Great Lakes region and is classified as threatened by the U.S. federal government and the province of Ontario (COSSARO 2011, USDA NRCS 2012a). The largest population (numbering a few thousand thistles) is found on Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge. She has studied various religious traditions over the years, with particular attention to how cultures view landscape and wildlife. Cuthbert, F., D. Ewert, R. Greenwood, D. Kraus, M. Seymour, K. Vigmostad, and L. Wires. Volger, D., and J. Stressler. 2012. View abstract. ", Biota of North America Program 22014 county distribution map, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cirsium_palustre&oldid=985517573, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 12:16. Erin Woolley is a rising third-year law student at the University of Colorado Law School, pursuing certificates in both Energy, Environmental & Natural Resources Law and American Indian Law. Little is known about marsh thistle response to fire as a control strategy (Gucker 2009). [21] Spread is only by seed, not by root fragments as in the related creeping thistle C. arvense. Reseeding of native vegetation may enhance the success of prior control efforts. Grace Erispaha is a rising senior at St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota pursuing an undergraduate degree in Economics and Environmental Studies. 2006. This species could pose a threat to native sedge communities–especially to rare, threatened, or endangered species (USDA NRCS 2012b). View abstract. 41 pp. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Pharm Biol 2011;49(3):327-33. Michigan Flora. Forest Health Staff. Pons, T.L. A distinguishing feature between the two main genera is that Cirsium spp produce feathered pappus hairs, whereas Carduus spp only have simple pappus hairs. She is excited to be working on WildEarth Guardians’ newsletter this summer with Dave Levine. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. 2010. Randall, and R.G. Invasive species program 2003-2005. Cirsium palustre. Plant is pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and boils. Woolly thistle is a little bit more selective in its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous ground. 2007. Marsh Plume Thistle. The supports for pollinators and pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks. The material on this website is copyright 2015. Hi, I’m Julian Kanter. Assessment Summary for European Marsh Thistle. Czechowska, R. Markiewicz, and M.H. 2010. Ryan Benson is a senior at Yale majoring in English with a concentration in Creative Writing. Vitamins and Supplements to Avoid with Hepatitis C. Quiz: What Do You Know About Vitamin B12 Deficiency? Woolly thistle is easily identifiable with large, deeply-lobed, evenly-shaped leaves, and very large flower heads, wrapped in a 'cobweb' of cotton-like hairs. 2010). Where infestations are small, hand pulling may be effective. The root systems explain why; spear thistle has a tap root, whereas creeping thistle grows on rhizomes. Taking marshmallow might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. Lille.Med 1968;13(2):121-123. 1 pp. Administrative Report 06-03. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). Minnesota Invasive Species Advisory Council. Walters. Creeping thistle produces dense spines on its leaves, but very few spines or hairs on the flowering stems. Invasive species to watch for: Cirsium palustre. Gudej J. Flavonoids, phenolic acids and coumarins from the roots of Althaea officinalis. 2011). 50 pp. There are discrepancies in current literature about seed bank longevity (Gucker 2009). Available http://www.na.fs.fed.us/fhp/invasive_plants. However, glyphosate must be used in areas that are wet or near open water (USDA Forest Service 2005).