There are also specific requirements which apply to the budget execution task of recording and reporting obligations for all funds available to NASA. The funding sources that may be used for these actions are described in Appendix F. 4.4.3.5 Each budget execution action used in the procurement and contract process and to acquire goods and services, must meet requirements prescribed by FAR, the ADA, and NASA policy. Definition: Obligation is an act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound; a duty or commitment. Creation of commitments in excess of available resources authorization does not by itself necessarily constitute a violation of 31 USC 1341; however, creation of commitments in excess of available resources authorization may be subject to administrative discipline. The act or an instance of committing, putting in charge, keeping, or trust, especially: # The act of sending a legislative bill to committee for review. The accounting system shall provide the capability to record the transaction by placing it in a suspense status pending review and corrective actions. A completed procurement request, certifying that funds are available, shall be required prior to committing the Government to contract for products or services. A variety of documents are used to inscribe an accounting certification that indicates availability of funds. Particular attention should be made to major procurement actions. What is the difference between Obligation and Responsibility? # Official consignment sending a person to prison or a mental health institution. https://nodis3.gsfc.nasa.gov. Like you, I believe an obligation is similar to a debt that needs to be paid. Budget authority to incur obligations is granted by Congress under three types Appropriations –1-year, multi-year, no-year, or permanent Contract authority Borrowing authority Process of spending budget authority has five distinct steps: apportionment, allotment, commitment, obligation, & … 4.3.1 Any Officer or Employee Granted the Authority to Obligate the NASA to Expend Funds. 4.4.1 Commitments are budgetary and accounting actions taken to authorize and reserve funds for future obligations in the current fiscal year. 4.4.2.2 Commitments are to be recorded promptly against allotments and other subdivisions of funds and must be adjusted promptly upon occurrence of any transaction which increases or decreases such commitments. A course of action imposed by society, law, or conscience by which someone is bound or restricted. 4.4.2.6 Complete and accurate reporting of commitments is also critical to providing the basis for management review of budgets, apportionment requests, reprogramming actions, and financial plans. Obligation is duty bound to do an act. Obligationvscommitmentwhatsdifference vs Content. Reporting and recording will involve the following actions. 4.4.3.6 Additional information on actions required for the commitment of funds for government contract procurement actions is provided in Appendix F. 4.5.1 An obligation is any action that legally binds the Government to make an outlay or expenditure of funds immediately or in the future, and there are legal and regulatory requirements which govern obligations. obligation under an open-end contract or option agreement (when either the items or quantities are not specified, but are to be the subject of subsequent orders) shall be recorded as a commitment only when the amount estimated is reasonably firm. In those situations in which costs exceed obligations, a review of the circumstances shall be made promptly and corrective actions taken by the Agency. One-year 4.4.2 There are specific policies and requirements which apply to the recording and reporting of commitments of appropriations available to NASA. Commitment occurs upon certification that funds are available in the correct appropriation, in the correct fiscal year, and in the correct amount to cover the anticipated obligation.