Calculate the percent composition of a compound from its formula. yield and actual yield. Neutralization. Dalton’s law of partial pressures. Physical properties Mass number, atomic weight, Identify and explain the factors affecting the rate at which a solid dissolves in The nature of the solid state. Topics include: measurement, matter and energy, atomic structure, Calculate the number of moles of a desired substance obtainable from a given number The characteristics of a solution. Approved eye-protection and a laboratory coat are required materials. Solve elementary algebraic equations by rearrangement until the desired term is isolated. Calculate the mass of a substance necessary to prepare a solution of specified volume Writing and balancing chemical equations. Chemical formulas Calculation of empirical formulas. Write the names or formulas for inorganic bases. Description. Writing formulas from names of product, when given a thermochemical equation. Conservation atomic mass of an atom. Calculate the molar mass of a gas from its density at STP and the molar volume concept. Check with your bookstore:Bookstores may offer lab kit vouchers that are redeemable with eScience Labs. Introduction to basic facts and principles of chemistry including atomic and molecular structure, states of matter and thermodynamics. and change in enthalpy. Draw Lewis structures for the diatomic elements. Describe the effect of electronegativity on the type of chemical bonds in a compound. Exceptions to the octet rule. With more than 2,400 courses available, OCW is delivering on the promise of open sharing of knowledge. Mole-mass Calculate the percent composition of a compound from experimental data. Colligative properties of solutions. Multiple electron pair bonds. of solute. List the elements that occur as diatomic molecules. Calculate the percent yield of a substance from a chemical reaction using its theoretical State Boyle’s, Charles’, and Gay-Lussac’s laws. Physical properties Calculate the molarity of a solution from the volume and the mass, or moles, of solute. atoms, elements, compounds, molecules, and mixtures. Types of intermolecular forces. Significant figures. State two reasons why real gases may deviate from the behavior predicted for an ideal Show by means of Lewis structures the formation of an ionic compound from atoms. of natural phenomena. Know the numerical equivalent for the metric prefixes: deci, centi, milli, micro, calculations. Students must pass the laboratory section to Write the formulas of ionic compounds formed by combining their ions in the correct Adobe Acrobat Reader (PDF) is required to view the course description and syllabus. Describe the VSEPR model for molecular shape. Use OCW to guide your own life-long learning, or to teach others. Includes matter and energy, chemical nomenclature, chemical reactions, stoichiometry, modern atomic theory, chemical bonding. Energy and change of state: heat of fusion and heat of vaporization. Energy. atoms, grams, or moles of each substance represented. Classify equations as combination, decomposition, single-displacement, or double-displacement Explain the process of acid-base neutralization. Deduce the limiting reactant or reagent when given the amounts of starting substances, of reactants, (b) changes in the pressure of gaseous reactants, (c) changes in temperature, Spectrophotometric Determination of Concentration, Molar Weight by Freezing Point Depression. Names of the elements. Convert grams, atoms, molecules, and molar masses to moles, and vice versa. Explain the nature of the liquid and solid states. chemical bond formed by electron transfer. » Predict how the rate of a chemical reaction is affected by (a) changes in the concentration