The planning of a town had was based on two main factors – The nearness to a water source and the height it was built above Nile to make sure the flooding didn’t affect the city. Important Features of Indus Valley Civilization: Harappan Civilization Town Planning. In every aspect like roads, houses, drainage, bath, granary, the Harappan people … 2 Roots of Indus Valley Civilization. Transportation Engineering – II (Town Planning) 1/7/2018 Prof. S.K. However, the excavations carried out in the latter half of twenties at Mohen-jo-Daro (Hill of the Dead, on the Indus bank) covering an area of about 260 hectares and Harappa (on the bed of river Ravi) now in Pakistan, Kalibangan in Rajasthan, Lothal, Sukortada and Dhoulavira in Gujarat, Rakhigadhi in Haryana, show that the Indus Valley Civilization had its beginning between 4000-3000 B.C. A common well was provided to the groups of the buildings. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. ALL THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE SITE MOHENJO-DARO IN SINDH,PAKISTAN... HAVE FUN........................................................................ Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The ruins of the cities, so far unearthed, show remarkable town planning, and excellent system of drainage and sanitation of the Indus Valley […] Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Earliest civilizations in Indus Valley was discovered in 1856 by a railroad crew. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. • The rulers of the town lived in the acropolis, which featured paved baths, underground and surface drains (built of kiln-fired bricks) and a potable water well. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Town planning was the hallmark of Harappan culture; Harappan towns and cities were built as per grid pattern wherein roads … The city was built systematically. All bricks corresponded to sizes in a perfect ratio of 4:2:1. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The streets which divided the city into neat rectangular or square blocks, varied in width but always intersected each other at right angles. The cities had highly advanced system of town planning. They depended entirely on roof lighting and ventilation. Indus Valley Civ - Mohenjodaro Town Planning & Architecture (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The Indo-Gangetic region formed the cradle of Indus Valley Civilization, nearly five thousand years ago, though no one had heard of such civilization till the 1920’s. Advertisement. It is almost unbelievable that such arrangement existed in the ancient time unless one studies the remnants of the towns. Market-halls, granaries, offices were neatly planned. THE MOST DEVELOPED CITY OF The Great Bath had a remarkable system of filling and emptying and meticulously joined at the bottom with bricks. It was a prototype of ritualistic bathing tank which was the part of Hindu’ temples. Along with the inventions, civilization was advanced in the aspect of the trade. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Acoustic Material and Their Different Types, California Bearing Ratio Test【CBR Test】of Soil, What is Sight Distance (Highway Engineering). The city had horizontal and vertical drains. Patil, 1 . Article shared by: ADVERTISEMENTS: In 1925 archaeologists announced a spectacular discovery of immense urban ruins of two cities Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa divided apart by a distance of 640 km but identical in their layout, architecture and building technique. Harappa ; Mohenjo-Daro or Hill of the Dead ; Both cities shared urban design and architectural features. The city had an effective system of drainage. After centuries later, it was occupied by the Aryan invaders in 1500-1000 B.C. Shinde,PravaraRuralCollege ofArchitecture,Loni • The city was divided into a citadel, or acropolis and a lower town. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Town Planning System The Town Planning System of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was city based. The Indus-Valley Civilization culture collapsed due to the natural catastrophe. The town planning of the Harappan civilization upholds the fact that the civic establishments of the city were highly developed. Development of Town Planning in Indus Valley Civilization. Indus Valley Civ - Mohenjodaro Town Planning & Architecture There were manholes located at different places for cleaning and inspection. The town-planning of Harappan culture is one of its most impressive aspects, as though it was the handiwork of a genius of an architect. The Harappa town planning has amazed the archaeologists worldwide. Indus Valley Civilization: Town Planning, Art, Social Life and Religion. On the whole, the cities in the Indus Valley Civilization present from the social viewpoint the picture of a fairly egalitarian society. Major products traded in this valley include arts crafts, pottery, agricultural products, seals, and buttons. Towns generally had a boundary wall with only one or two entrances through the wall. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Indus Valley Civilization used mudbrick extensively, as can be seen in the ruins of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa. Urban Cities: The Indus civilization flourished around cities. Indus Valley Civilization town planning. Learn more. The street 9 m wide divided the city in 12 blocks each 365 m x 244 m. The layout of streets was based on ‘Grid-iron ‘plan. In the Indus Valley Civilization particularly, all bricks corresponded to sizes in a perfect ratio of 4:2:1, and made use of the decimal system. Settlements of Harappans with Town planning The quality of municipal town planning suggests knowledge of urban planning and efficient municipal governments, which placed a high priority on hygiene. 1. The town planning of the Harappan civilization upholds the fact that the civic establishments of the city were highly developed.