Tyrian purple (Ancient Greek: πορφύρα porphúra; Latin: purpura), also known as Phoenician red, Phoenician purple, royal purple, imperial purple, or imperial dye, is a reddish-purple natural dye; the name Tyrian refers to Tyre, Lebanon.It is a secretion produced by several species of predatory sea snails in the family Muricidae, rock snails originally known by the name 'Murex'. [7][8] The dye was greatly prized in antiquity because the colour did not easily fade, but instead became brighter with weathering and sunlight. Ref.BM62788 . For millennia Tyrian Purple dye was one of the most prized products of the Mediterranean coastline. Traces of this once very lucrative industry are still visible in many Punic sites such as Kerkouane, Zouchis, Djerba and even in Carthage itself. A fragment of the shroud in which the Emperor Charlemagne was buried in 814 CE. Hex code : 837aa3. In a RGB color space, hex #66023c (also known as Tyrian purple) is composed of 40% red, 0.8% green and 23.5% blue. [28], Recently, the archaeological discovery of substantial numbers of Murex shells on Crete suggests that the Minoans may have pioneered the extraction of Imperial purple centuries before the Tyrians. RGB value is (82,9,54). Tyrian Purple. "Palaikastro Shells and Bronze Age Purple-Dye Production in the Mediterranean Basin,", Stieglitz, Robert R. (1994), "The Minoan Origin of Tyrian Purple,", The Discovery of Purple by Hercules's Dog, "Knowledge of whelk dyes and pigments in Anglo-Saxon England", "Color Conversion Tool set to colour #66023C (Tyrian purple)", "Descriptions of shells from the Gulf of California and the Pacific coasts of Mexico and California", "Whelks and purple dye in Anglo-Saxon England". Exuding wealth, sexuality, power, lust and fervor, purple made a statement like no other color. Painting of a man wearing an all-purple toga picta, from an Etruscan tomb (about 350 BCE). HSL color Cylindrical-coordinate representation of color #520936: hue angle of 323.01º degrees, saturation: 0.8, lightness: 0.18%. Color information #520936 (or 0x520936) is unknown color: approx Tyrian Purple.HEX triplet: 52, 09 and 36.RGB value is (82,9,54). Decimal : 8616611. In the RGB color model, Tyrian purple has red values 102, green value 2 and blue value 60. Hue value of its Hsl is 314.11764705882, Saturation value is 0.92727272727273, Lightness value is 0.2156862745098. Cuneiform tablet, dated 600–500 BCE, with instructions for dyeing wool purple and blue. Thank you a lot and May the Force be with you! In nature the snails use the secretion as part of their predatory behaviour in order to sedate prey and as an antimicrobial lining on egg masses. In a RGB color space, hex #66023c (also known as Tyrian purple) is composed of 40% red, 0.8% green and 23.5% blue. The production of Murex purple for the Byzantine court came to an abrupt end with the sack of Constantinople in 1204, the critical episode of the Fourth Crusade. [26] Pliny the Elder described the production of Tyrian purple in his Natural History:[27][c]. Basic colors: black , blue , brown , gray , green , orange , pink , purple , red , white , yellow Tyrian purple is an Archaeological material that can be obtained through excavating material caches or various excavation sites, requiring level 25 Archaeology, at various dig sites around RuneScape.. Tyrian purple is required to restore various artefacts.As players increase their Archaeology level and user higher tier mattocks, they are able to excavate tyrian purple at quicker rates. #800080 / rgb (128,0,128) / hsl (300,100%,25%) lavender. [37][38] Unlike indigo, it has never been synthesized commercially. It came in various shades, the most prized being that of black-tinted clotted blood. A shade is achieved by adding black to any pure hue, while a tint is created by mixing white to any pure color. [11] Later (9th century)[12] a child born to a reigning emperor was said to be porphyrogenitos, "born in the purple". [45], Recent research in organic electronics has shown that Tyrian purple is an ambipolar organic semiconductor. In 1909, Harvard anthropologist Zelia Nuttall compiled an intensive comparative study on the historical production of the purple dye produced from the carnivorous murex snail, source of the royal purple dye valued higher than gold in the ancient Near East and ancient Mexico.